Common European Framework
By compiling information about the different levels proposed by entities and authors, the project participants have observed that the most suitable number of levels for language learning and assessment does not coincide with the traditional basic, intermediate and advanced levels. With this in mind, an initial distinction is carried out into three wide blocs, each one of them divided into more specific levels.
- Bloc A Basic User
- Level A1 Access.
- Level A2 Platform.
- Bloc B Independent User
- Level B1 Intermediate.
- Level B2 Advanced.
- Bloc C Competent user.
- Level C1 Effective operational domain.
- Level C2 Mastery.
The subsequent development of the Common European Framework simplifies the previous scheme, making it much easier for the users to understand the information, presenting a global scale for all six levels.
- Level A1: Achieved when a student is capable of understanding and using common expressions or simple phrases for immediate needs; introducing him or herself to others, asking and giving basic personal information about residence, belongings and people he/she knows, while being capable of interacting whenever the other person is speaking slowly, clearly and is willing to cooperate.
- Level A2: When the student is capable of understanding commonly used expressions related to areas of experience relevant to him/her (basic information about oneself, making purchases, places, jobs, etc.); able to communicate in simple, day to day situations requiring no more than simple and direct exchange of information about usual topics, while also being able to describe simple aspects about the past and surroundings, as well as matters related to immediate needs.
- Level B1: When the student can understand the main aspects of clear texts written in standard language about familiar issues, whether they are related to work, studying or leisure. Capable of expressing him/herself in most situations that may occur during a trip in which the language is used; capable of writing simple, cohesive texts about familiar themes or subjects of personal interest; able to describe experiences, facts, desires and expectations, as well as briefly justifying opinions and explaining plans.
- Level B2: When the student can understand the main ideas of complex texts about concrete and abstract subjects, including technical texts outside their own area of expertise. Able to interact with native speakers with an acceptable level of fluency and naturalness, so that the communication can take place without much effort from any of the participants. At this level, the student is able of writing clear and detailed texts about diverse themes, as well as defending a point of view on general subjects and the pros and cons of different options.
- Level C1: Achieved when the student is capable of understanding a wide variety of lengthy texts that require a certain level of comprehension, as well as recognizing implicit meaning within the text. Capable of expressing him/herself fluently without any evident displays of effort to find the suitable expression. When the language can be flexibly and effectively used for all social, professional and academic purposes, while being able to write clear, well-structured and detailed texts about relatively complex themes, displaying correct usage of mechanisms for organization, articulation and cohesiveness.
- Level C2: When the student can easily understand basically everything he/she reads or hears, and is able to reconstruct information and arguments from several sources, both speaking or in written form, presenting them in a cohesive, summarized manner. Also capable of expressing him/herself spontaneously, with fluency and a high degree of accuracy. At this stage, the student is also capable of detecting slight variations in meaning, including situations of high complexity.